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According to reports, at the 20:18 local time on June 13 (Beijing time at 11:18 on June 14th), at the 80th TSG RAN meeting held in the 3GPP San Diego, the United States, the plenum was frozen through the fifth-generation mobile communication technology independent networking function. It also means that the first international 5G standard was released.
In addition to the non-independent networking NR standard completed in December last year, 5G has completed the first phase of full-featured standardization work and entered a new phase of full-scale industrial sprint. The freezing of SA functions not only enables 5G NR to have the capability of independent deployment, but also brings a new end-to-end new architecture, enabling the intelligent development of enterprise-level customers and vertical industries, and bringing operators and industry partners together. The new business model opens a new era of full connectivity.
It is reported that, unlike the previous non-independent networking 5G Release 15 NSA version, the complete 5G Release 15 version SA (standalone standalone networking) determined this time adopts a new architecture. In addition to the new network elements and interfaces, it is also large-scale. Support software-defined networking, network virtualization and other technologies. The independent networking 5G will be distinguished from 4G, which is convenient for operators to develop a variety of services. Reducing the reliance on 4G is also beneficial for 5G to increase bandwidth and low latency.
According to the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, China's 5G carrier frequency band for the sub-frequency 6GHz, is also within this release of the standard. According to the announcement of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the 3300-3600MHz and 4800-5000MHz bands are planned to be used as the working frequency band of the 5G system, and the other 3300-3400MHz band is only used indoors in principle.
It is reported that Release16 will be the next 5G standard, and the standard setting work will be completed in December 2019, when the 5G plan is completely determined.
Industry join hands to accelerate business
More than 600 representatives from the world's major telecom operators, network equipment vendors, terminal and chip vendors, instrumentation vendors, Internet companies, and other vertical industry companies have witnessed this historic moment.
Balázs Bertényi, chairman of the 3GPP TSG RAN, stated: “The freezing of the 5G NR wireless protocol is an important milestone for the wireless industry to explore the 5G vision. The 5G NR SA system not only significantly increases the network speed and capacity, but also opens the door to other new industries. The 5G system is the gateway to industrial ecosystem change."
Erik Guttman, chairman of 3GPP TSG SA, said: “The completion of the 5G freeze for this milestone is of great significance to the 5G SA system. Thanks to hundreds of engineers for their hard work over the past three years, the 5G system standard has finally entered formal In the final stage, we would also like to express our special thanks to the effective collaboration among different working groups.5G will bring about a big expansion of the mobile communications industry and will become an increasingly important element of our economic, social, and personal activities. The new and outstanding capabilities of air and core networks, 5G systems paved the way for the commercialization of diversified services.The new 5G system will provide uninterrupted 'exclusive' services for new business models.With 4G and other generations of mobile The difference in communication is that 5G can provide very clear and personalized communication services according to different demands of various services.At present, 3GPP has begun to study how to use 5G to support the demands of vertical industries such as industrial automation.Based on today's major event, 5G The integration with the vertical industry will open simultaneously in multiple areas in the coming months and even years exhibition."
Georg Mayer, chairman of the 3GPP TSG CT, said: "Two years ago, 5G was still a vision for everyone, and it was even a hype. But with the completion of the Rel-15 standard, 3GPP made 5G possible in a short period of time. This set of standards for 5G not only provides users with higher data rates and bandwidth, but also meets the communication needs of different industries through open and flexible design - 5G will be an integrated platform for diversified industries. It should be attributed to the willingness of the industry to work together towards the goal of completing the 5G standard, and the high efficiency of the 3GPP architecture and operation mechanism.The freezing of the Rel-15 standard is only the first step in the development of 5G, and 3GPP will continue to work hard to perfect it. Make it better able to meet the needs of customers and industry."
I believe that after 34 months of arduous and efficient work, the first version of 5G that unites the cooperation and wisdom of all parties will surely live up to expectations.
But it is difficult to replace 4G in the short term
The release of the 5G standard is an important milestone in the development of 5G. 5G brings new business models to operators and industry partners. Georg Mayer, chairman of 3GPP TSG CT, said: "Two years ago, 5G was still just a vision for everyone, or even just a hype, but with the completion of the Rel-15 standard, 3GPP made 5G possible in a short period of time. This set of standards for 5G not only provides users with higher data rates and bandwidth, but also meets the communication needs of different industries through open and flexible designs - 5G will be an integrated platform for diversified industries.
A report predicts that China is leading the world in the 5G development competition and is likely to become one of the first major markets in the world to deploy 5G. Ernst & Young predicts that between 2019 and 2025, China's 5G capital expenditure will reach 1.5 trillion yuan.
However, due to the limitations of short-term infrastructure, equipment, and application provision, the deployment and adoption of 5G in China will be gradual and will not completely change or subvert the telecommunication sector and other industries in the short term. At the same time, the possibility of realizing benefits through 5G investment in the short term is relatively low, and operators should not stop 4G investment.
China and the United States as 5G leaders
In the 5G track, China, the United States, Japan and South Korea are in the first echelon. Judging from the development of the 5G standard, China and the United States are relatively leading; from an application perspective, Japan and South Korea are also the first tier. At the Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea, 5G debuted on a global scale. The audience provided immersive 5G experience services such as simultaneous viewing, interactive time slicing, and 360-degree VR live broadcasting. It also accelerated the commercialization of 5G in the industrial chain. The process has opened up a 5G commercial curtain. Japan also hopes to make better use of 5G through the 2020 Olympic Games.
Agency expects China's 5G capital expenditure to reach 1.5 trillion yuan
With ultra-high data rates, higher capacity, and shorter latency, 5G brings new opportunities for a variety of applications that will change people's lives, including 3D video and immersive media, self-driving cars, and smart cities. 5G will also greatly support artificial intelligence (AI), robotics, and other technologies such as Internet of Things (IoT), which will bring enormous potential to the Chinese market.
Wu Xianguang, head of the digitalization center of Ernst & Young Greater China and a consulting service partner, told reporters from First Financial and other companies that in the 5G era, Internet cars, telemedicine and industrial automation will have breakthrough development. “Because 5G's low delay will make these industries Profits are very large."
In order to achieve 5G commercial use by 2020, domestic telecommunications equipment manufacturers are investing heavily in 5G research and development and patent development related projects. The three major Chinese telecom operators have announced that they will begin investing in 5G network deployments from 2019 and set up 5G innovation centers to conduct external field tests in major cities.
Due to the limitations of recent facilities, equipment, and application supply, the domestic market demand will be divided into phases and the 5G service will adopt a route that will gradually advance over the long term. The adoption speed will be slower than 4G, but it will take off with the formation of economies of scale. . Ernst & Young Consulting Group expects that China's 5G capital expenditure will reach 1.5 trillion RMB between 2019 and 2025.
The government's strong support and industrial capital investment have led China to form a self-sufficient 5G industry environment. It will establish a huge ecosystem that covers equipment manufacturers, chip suppliers, telecom operators and application and platform providers, and will reduce investment in the industrial chain. risk. On the user side, Ernst & Young expects that the number of 5G users in China will reach 576 million by 2025, accounting for 40% of the Chinese population and 41% of the global 5G users.
It is difficult to realize benefits through 5G investment in the short term
Although the industry is aggressively accelerating deployment, 5G will not completely replace 4G, and will coexist for many years with advanced LTE networks to provide a relatively seamless user experience.
Globally, 4G LTE is still in the middle of its life cycle, and its adoption level has not yet reached its peak. How to obtain more revenue on the existing network is also a common concern of current telecom operators. At the beginning of the MWC exhibition in Barcelona, an internal employee of Huawei stated that 5G is an undoubted trend and Huawei is actively deploying it. However, from the actual situation of receiving customers at the exhibition, only 10% of global operators are currently on 5G. A strong willingness to invest was demonstrated, and more operators remained calm.
In addition, operators or industries should not expect 5G to completely change and subvert the telecommunications industry in the short term. They need to learn from past experience in the development of 3G and 4G, such as equipment failure to provide user experience, lack of application and innovation, high pricing pricing, small coverage and poor performance levels, avoid over-investment, and develop more targeted 5G. New strategy.
Operator's Challenge: Use Advantage instead of OTT
The standard has been set, and 5G has also provided telecommunication operators with a competitive advantage to deal with the increasing challenges from OTT operators. However, the promotion of 5G technology still faces many challenges - network construction costs, insufficient spectrum, huge fiber demand, equipment supply, and technical complexity.
Creating a new business model is one of the major challenges facing telecom operators. The commercial model of 5G is still uncertain. Traditional communications and vertical industries should change from independent innovation models to cross-industry collaboration models to jointly develop the 5G market.
In the 3G and 4G eras, telecom operators have also been striving to participate in product innovation, but their success in competition with technology start-ups and OTT vendors has been very limited. The Ernst & Young report pointed out that telecommunications companies have different genetics and should not try to find a new position in the value chain, but need to expand their own areas of innovation and explore new ways of doing business.